Some dogs are known to gobble random objects off the ground. Bones, sticks, toys. And unexpected items like needles, tape, coins, socks. Small foreign bodies can pass through but others become lodged along the gastrointestinal tract. These dogs had the FB retrieved with the use of a flexible endoscope or surgical abdominal exploration. They are doing well because their families sought prompt treatment.
Ingestion of Foreign Bodies
Some gastrointestinal foreign objects can cause systemic toxicities, or damage and obstruction to the intestinal tract. Perforation of the intestinal tract quickly leads to inflammation of the abdominal lining, bacteria proliferation and sepsis.
Clinical signs include vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, appetite loss, straining to defecate – depending on type of object, location, duration and degree of obstruction.
An endoscope is a flexible tube with a viewing port and video camera attachment. It is inserted through the mouth to inspect the oesophagus, stomach, intestinal tract. Endoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure with faster recovery time. If conservative treatment or endoscopy does not provide relief, surgical exploration is required to open the stomach or intestine to remove the objects. Any metabolic illnesses secondary to the obstruction will be treated accordingly.
Be extra vigilant if your pets are known to be “scavengers”, especially curious little puppies and kittens. Some dogs may require a basket muzzle during walks to keep them from ingesting foreign objects.
Intussusception causes abdominal pain, mechanical obstruction, compromised blood flow, proliferation of bacteria. It requires emergency surgery.
The damaged segment is surgically removed and the two healthy ends sutured together in a procedure called intestinal anastomosis. For the other smaller intussusceptions, precise incisions were made to free the trapped intestines and the foreign body carefully removed.